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What You Should Know About Macronutrients


What You Should Know About Macronutrients

Food is any material eaten to supply nutrition to an organism. In the modern world, food is generally of animal, plant or fungi origin, and often contains vital nutrients, including vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, sugars, or even iron. The word ‘food’ can also refer to the processes used to grow, store and process food, as well as to sell and consume it. Modern people eat a lot of food, made from a wide variety of sources. In fact, food is not a single substance but a complex mixture of various substances that are eaten and drunk, including: vitamins, which are required to grow healthy plants; carbohydrates are used to give energy to the body and to digest and metabolise foods eaten; fats are used to supply heat and sensation to the human body; and sugars provide the body with a source of energy.

As part of a balanced diet, all the main food groups should be included in a daily meal plan. Eating this way will ensure that you receive all the essential nutrients needed by your body. In this study session 2, students were asked to look at how different types of food (e.g. proteins, carbohydrates and vegetables) affect weight loss and hunger.

It was found that consuming foods that are rich in carbohydrates and calories is a good way to lose weight and stay healthy. Consuming a balanced diet that provides a sufficient amount of these nutrients every day is therefore an important part of any weight loss or management plan. However, when people are on a purely carbohydrate-based diet, they often feel hungry all the time, even if they have only eaten a small portion of the food that they have consumed. For this reason, a diet that includes both macronutrients – i.e. proteins, carbohydrates and healthy fats – as well as micronutrients – i.e. minerals – is the best way to meet your daily requirement of nutrients without feeling hungry.

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