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Why Healthy Diet Is Necessary For Good Health

Food is any material consumed in order to supply the necessary nutrition for an individual organism. In animals the food is primarily of animal, plant or fungal source, and consists of essential nutrients, including proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, or minerals, which are required by the organisms to carry out normal activities. The same food is used to manufacture different kinds of food products. Foods are grouped into two broad categories according to their usage. These categories are animal food and plant food. Meat and milk products, together with eggs, are the primary sources of animal food; fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, mushrooms, nuts, and other food products that are not animal products are the sources of plant food.

Animal food is rich in protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Some foods contain more than others; some are rich in one kind of nutrient, while some have more kinds of nutrients. Generally speaking, it is advisable to eat small quantities of animal food, as the excess quantity increases the acidity of the stomach, leading to indigestion. Animal foods generally do not contain the same amount of nutrients as plant foods; they contain more animal fat, protein, and carbohydrates for providing energy, and fewer vitamins and minerals for providing nutrition.

Plants, on the other hand, contain many kinds of nutrients, especially when these nutrients are combined in the right proportions. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seeds, and nuts, whereas animal foods contain mostly fats, protein, carbohydrates, and vitamins. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are rich in vitamins and minerals, while fats, protein, carbohydrates, and fruits contain no nutrients; therefore, it is always advisable to eat a balanced diet, combining different food types so that the nutritional requirements of an organism are fulfilled, resulting in a healthy well being.

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